Notes Payable Journal Entries

Notes Payable Journal Entries

notes payable

Accounts payable automation or AP automation is the ongoing effort of many companies to streamline the business process of their accounts payable departments. The accounts payable department’s main responsibility is to process and review transactions between the company and its suppliers. In other words, it is the accounts payable department’s job to make sure all outstanding invoices from their suppliers are approved, processed, and paid.

Current liabilities are short-term liabilities of a company, typically less than 90 days. A note payable is a debt that is established with a written agreement, such as a bank loan. The notes payable account in the liabilities section of the balance sheet represents the total amount a business owes on these particular debts. Increases and decreases to this account raise and lower a small business’ cash flow, respectively.

When a company makes adjustments to the account, it reports the effects on the cash flow statement. Most businesses operate by enabling their clients to buy goods in credit. The cost of sales on credit is what is referred to as Accounts Receivable.

notes payable

Not surprisingly, keeping track of accounts payable can be a complex and onerous task. For this reason, companies typically employ bookkeepers and accountants who often utilize advanced accounting software to monitor invoices and the flow of outgoing money.

Payment terms may include the offer of a cash discount for paying an invoice within a defined number of days. For example, 2%, Net 30 terms mean that the payer will deduct 2% from the invoice if payment is made within 30 days.


The general ledger account keeps track of the amount owed and any payments made towards the principal of the loan. General ledgers in accounting track all of the major accounts and are used to provide the information used in financial reporting. Accounts Receivable (AR) refers to the outstanding invoices a company has, or the money it is owed from its clients.

Processing an invoice includes recording important data from the invoice and inputting it into the company’s financial, or bookkeeping, system. After this is accomplished, the invoices must go through the company’s respective business process in order to be paid.

Most importantly, these payments do not involve a promissory note. On the other hand, mortgage obligations would not be grouped in with accounts payable because they do in fact come with a promissory note attached. For this reason, mortgage obligations fall under “notes payable,” which is classified as a separate expenditure category. Accounts payable is a liability since it’s money owed to creditors and is listed under current liabilities on the balance sheet.

What is difference between notes payable and accounts payable?

Assets = Liabilities + Equity of a business. While Notes Payable is a liability, Notes Receivable is an asset. Notes Receivable record the value of promissory notes that a business should receive, and for that reason, they are recorded as an asset.

Creating an Enforceable Promissory Note

Householders usually track and pay on a monthly basis by hand using cheques, credit cards or internet banking. Increasingly, large firms are using specialized Accounts Payable automation solutions (commonly called ePayables) to automate the paper and manual elements of processing an organization’s invoices.

  • A liability is created when a company signs a note for the purpose of borrowing money or extending its payment period credit.
  • An extension of the normal credit period for paying amounts owed often requires that a company sign a note, resulting in a transfer of the liability from accounts payable to notes payable.

A copy of the note provides the supporting documentation for payment. Notes Payable is the name of the account that a bookkeeper or accountant uses when documenting the borrowing of money.

A liability is created when a company signs a note for the purpose of borrowing money or extending its payment period credit. A note may be signed for an overdue invoice when the company needs to extend its payment, when the company borrows cash, or in exchange for an asset.

Once the payment is made to the vendor for the unpaid purchases, the corresponding amount is reduced from the accounts payable balance. An accounts payable is recorded in the Account Payable sub-ledger at the time an invoice is vouched for payment. Vouchered, or vouched, means that an invoice is approved for payment and has been recorded in the General Ledger or AP subledger as an outstanding, or open, liability because it has not been paid. Common examples of Expense Payables are advertising, travel, entertainment, office supplies and utilities. AP is a form of credit that suppliers offer to their customers by allowing them to pay for a product or service after it has already been received.

To elaborate, once an entity orders goods and receives before making the payment for it, it should record a liability in its books of accounts based on the invoice amount. This short-term liability due to the suppliers, vendors, and others is called accounts payable.

An extension of the normal credit period for paying amounts owed often requires that a company sign a note, resulting in a transfer of the liability from accounts payable to notes payable. Notes payable are classified as current liabilities when the amounts are due within one year of the balance sheet date. The portion of the debt to be paid after one year is classified as a longā€term liability. In households, accounts payable are ordinarily bills from the electric company, telephone company, cable television or satellite dish service, newspaper subscription, and other such regular services.

Accounting Transactions

Generally, Accounts Receivable (AR), are the amount of money owed to the company by buyers for goods and services rendered. The Receivables should not be confused with Accounts Payable (AP). Accounting software available in the market which can streamline the accounts payable process.

Notes Payable on a Balance Sheet

Are Notes Payable an asset?

A note payable is a written promissory note. Under this agreement, a borrower obtains a specific amount of money from a lender and promises to pay it back with interest over a predetermined time period.

The periodic payments of interest and principal should be subject to the controls in the acquisition and payment cycle. At the time the note was issued, the accounting department should have received a copy of the note, much like it receives vendors’ invoices and receiving reports.

Accounts payable (AP) is money owed by a business to its suppliers shown as a liability on a company’s balance sheet. It is distinct from notes payable liabilities, which are debts created by formal legal instrument documents. Accounts payable and its management is a critical business process through which an entity manages its payable obligations effectively. Accounts payable is the amount owed by an entity to its vendors/suppliers for the goods and services received.

These tracking responsibilities become exponentially more complicated with large firms that have multiple business lines, and with large product manufactures that produce numerous stock-keeping units (SKUs). Debt owed to creditors typically must be paid within a short time frame of 30 days or less.