# Gross Pay vs. Net Pay: Definitions and Examples

In addition to the required payroll deductions for taxes, Medicare, and Social Security, the employer also subtracts voluntary deductions from an employee’s gross pay. Voluntary deductions to gross pay can include such items as charitable contributions and the employee’s contribution to the employer’s health care insurance coverage. Any court-ordered garnishment, whether voluntary or required by law, is also subtracted from an employee’s gross pay. W-2 wages are the wages that appear on the employee’s W-2 issued by his employer each year in January. A copy of the W-2 is sent to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

In this case, you can quickly compute the annual salary by multiplying the hourly wage by 2000. Your hourly pay of 26 dollars is then equivalent to an average annual income of$52,000 per year.

An hourly ornonexempt employeeis paid by multiplying the total number of hours worked by an hourly rate of pay. The nonexempt employee’s paycheck may also include payments for overtime time,bonuses, reimbursements, and so forth. ConvertUnits.comprovides a tool you can use to calculate the equivalent annual salary based on your hourly wage. You can factor in paid vacation time and holidays to figure out the total number of working days in a year.

### What is your take home pay?

Gross pay is the amount of money your employees receive before any taxes and deductions are taken out. Net pay is the amount of money your employees take home after all deductions have been taken out. This is the money they have in their pocket on payday.

## Gross vs. Net Pay: What’s the Difference?

### What is difference between net and gross pay?

Net pay is the amount of pay remaining for issuance to an employee after deductions have been taken from the individual’s gross pay. This is the amount paid to each employee on payday.

It is the Gross Salary less any contributions to pre-tax plans. The W-2 form also shows the amount withheld by the employer for federal income tax.

For example, if your employer agrees to pay you $60,000.00 per year without bonuses, that will be your gross income. So your gross pay will be $65,000.00 including bonuses, but your net pay might be a bit more complicated to calculate. First, calculate your FICA taxes for the year, otherwise known as your contribution to Social Security and Medicare. Everyone pays a flat, 7.65% rate on the first $128,400 (as of 2018) of earned income. You can reduce the amount of your annual gross pay by this percentage before making other calculations.

Net pay is the total amount of money that the employer pays in a paycheck to an employee after all required and voluntary deductions are made. To determine net pay, gross pay is computed based on how an employee is classified by the organization. An hourly or nonexempt employee is paid by the hours worked times the agreed-upon hourly rate of pay. Gross pay is the total amount of money that the employer pays in wages to an employee. Gross pay is computed based on how an employee is classified by the organization.

The nonexempt employee’s paycheck may also include payment for overtime, bonuses, reimbursements, and so forth. The salaried or exempt employee is paid an annual, agreed-upon salary, usually in bi-weekly payments. The amount of the paycheck is determined by the total annual salary divided by the number of pay periods in a year, normally 26.

In all cases, to calculate the employee’s net pay, the amount to subtract from gross pay is determined by using the number of deductions declared by the employee on the W-4 form. These are used in conjunction with the tax charts provided by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). The employee’s total number of deductions are determined by the number of immediate family members.

- An hourly or nonexempt employee is paid by the hours worked times the agreed-upon hourly rate of pay.
- To determine net pay, gross pay is computed based on how an employee is classified by the organization.
- Net pay is the total amount of money that the employer pays in a paycheck to an employee after all required and voluntary deductions are made.

## Defining Take-Home Pay

The salary calculator will also give you information on your daily, weekly, and monthly earnings. Remember that a full salary with benefits can include health insurance and retirement benefits that add more value to your total annual salary compared to similar hourly rates. You may also want to factor in overtime pay and the effects of any income taxes on your take home pay. Gross pay is the total amount of money an employee receives before taxes and deductions are taken out. For example, when an employer pays you an annual salary of $40,000 per year, this means you have earned $40,000 in gross pay.

For a wage earner, gross income is the amount of salary or wages paid to the individual by an employer, before any deductions are taken. In addition to the required payroll deductions for taxes, Medicare and Social Security, the employer also subtracts voluntary deductions from an employee’s gross pay.

Take-home pay is the net amount of income received after the deduction of taxes, benefits, and voluntary contributions from a paycheck. It is the difference between the gross income less all deductions.

Your hourly pay of 20 dollars is then equivalent to an average annual income of$40,000 per year. Divide both your total deductions and your net pay by the number of pay periods for the year to determine how much those amounts will be per paycheck. Voluntary deductions are payroll deductions that your employee chooses to have withheld from their paycheck, but aren’t required by law. Pre-tax means that the deduction is taken out of your employee’s gross pay before they pay mandatory payroll taxes. Pre-tax deductions lower your employee’s taxable income and payroll taxes.

Just divide the annual amount by the number of periods each year. If you are paid hourly, multiply that rate by 40 hours to determine your weekly pay. Next, you need to know what deductions your employee has from their paycheck.

## Taxable Income vs. Gross Income: What’s the Difference?

Some deductions, like FICA payroll taxes and income tax withholdings, are mandatory. Others, like health insurance and retirement contributions, are voluntary. But how do you actually calculate gross pay and net pay for your hourly and salaried employees? Let’s walk through some examples so you can see exactly how each term impacts your team’s take-home pay—and your employer payroll taxes.

## Significance of Take-Home Pay vs. Gross Pay

Deductions include federal, state and local income tax, Social Security and Medicare contributions, retirement account contributions, and medical, dental and other insurance premiums. The net amount or take-home pay is what the employee receives.

For example, a salaried employee who makes $40,000 per year is paid by dividing that $40,000 by the number of pay periods in a year. In the example, the employee would receive 26 paychecks that each total $1,538.46. Any reimbursements, bonuses, or other payments would also be added to gross pay. As a simple baseline calculation, let’s say you take 2 weeks off each year as unpaid vacation time. Then you would be working 50 weeks of the year, and if you work a typical 40 hours a week, you have a total of 2,000 hours of work each year.

From this total pay which is known as gross pay, the employer is required by law to withhold certain percentages of an employee’s paycheck to pay required tax withholdings. After voluntary payroll deductions are subtracted and legally required payroll deductions are subtracted, the pay that the employee receives is called net pay. Theexemptor salaried employee is paid gross pay based on the amount of her annual salary divided by the number of pay periods in a year, usually 26.