# Ex-Dividend Dates and How to Find Them

When dividends are declared by the company, it will issue the dividend figure as a total payment and also as a dividend-per-share, which is more useful for an investor. Shareholders can calculate the dividends on shares they own by multiplying the dividend-per-share by the number of shares in their portfolio. If an investor holds 500 shares of a stock of a corporation that issues a $0.40-per-share dividend, the stockholder will receive a payment of $200.

## Calculating DPS from the Income Statement

The number you get is the percentage of earnings that dividends compose. First, higher dividend payout ratios are an important part of the portfolio strategies of those investors who like to have a steady income from their investments. This dividend can also be used to find out the retention ratio of the company. When you subtract the dividend payout ratio from 1 you will get the retention ratio which depicts how much company is confident for its future and how much they want to invest.

Investing website Scottrade writes that stocks with lower payout ratios are more likely to offer a consistent and reliable dividend for investors that count on steady income from the stock. The dividend payout ratio is a comparison of total dollars paid out to shareholders relative to the net income of a company. It is the percentage of a company’s earnings used to reward its investors. The dividend payout ratio is an important aspect of fundamental analysis that can be calculated using data easily found on a company’s financial statements. This ratio indicates what percentage of net income a company devotes to paying cash dividends to shareholders.

Then calculate dividends per share by dividing the dividend payout amount shown on the balance sheet by the number of outstanding shares. The dividend payout ratio is the measure of dividends paid out to shareholders relative to the company’s net income. To calculate dividends, find out the company’s dividend per share (DPS), which is the amount paid to every investor for each share of stock they hold. Next, multiply the DPS by the number of shares you hold in the company’s stock to determine approximately what you’re total payout will be. If you’re involved in a dividend reinvestment program, find out how much of your dividends you’re investing so that you know how many shares you own and your calculation remains accurate.

The payout ratio is calculated by dividing the corporation’s dividend-per-share by its reported earnings-per-share. Stocks with high ratios are doing less reinvestment into the company, which can stoke worries in some investors that the dividend will drop or disappear if the company’s earnings drop.

Typically, the annual dividend amount used is the sum of all cash dividends paid during the prior 12 months. However, dividend yield can also represent a projection using expected dividends for the coming 12 months. In others, it is the most recent quarterly dividend multiplied by 4 (or semiannual dividend multiplied by 2). A dividend yield that uses a projection may be referred to as a forward dividend yield.

## Two easy ways to figure out how much cash a company sends its investors each year.

This ratio is easily calculated using the figures found at the bottom of a company’s income statement. It differs from the dividend yield, which compares the dividend payment to the company’s current stock price. Investors often use dividend yields to determine whether to make certain investments or not. For instance, an investor who’s looking for a steady, regular source of income might invest in a company with a high dividend yield. On the other hand, an investor who’s willing to take a risk for the chance of a major payout might invest in a young company with lots of growth potential.

Real Estate Investment Trusts and Master Limited Partnerships are very popular among dividend investors as they tend to offer much higher dividend yields than stocks. These companies tend to offer high dividends since they are required to distribute at least 90% of earnings to shareholders in the form of dividends. These companies do not pay regular income tax on a corporate level, instead the tax burden is passed down to the investor. Not all the tools of fundamental analysis work for every investor on every stock.

- It differs from the dividend yield, which compares the dividend payment to the company’s current stock price.
- Investors often use dividend yields to determine whether to make certain investments or not.
- This ratio is easily calculated using the figures found at the bottom of a company’s income statement.

EPS represents net income minus preferred stock dividends divided by the average number of outstanding shares over a given time period. One other variation preferred by some analysts uses the diluted net income per share that additionally factors in options on the company’s stock. Dividend yield measures the immediate cash return that an investor receives from an equity investment. The formula for dividend yield is an annual cash dividend amount divided by current stock price.

The process above is designed to work for relatively simple cases where the number of stocks owned is a fixed quantity. If you’ve arranged for a dividend-reinvestment program as part of your investment, keep an updated tally of shares you own so that your calculations will be accurate. The dividend yield determines what percentage of the price an investor pays for his shares was issued in the last year in dividends. What would you be willing to pay for the dividends that a company distributes?

If you’re looking for high-growth technology stocks, they’re not likely to turn up in any stock screens you might run looking for dividend-paying characteristics. However, if you’re a value investor or looking for dividend income, a couple of measurements are specific to you. One of the telling metrics for dividend investors is dividend yield, which is a financial ratio that shows how much a company pays out in dividends each year relative to its share price.

## Dividend Per Share Example

Another way to calculate the dividend payout ratio is on a per share basis. In this case, the formula used is dividends per share divided byearnings per share (EPS).

On one hand, it can reinvest this money in the company by expanding its own operations, buying new equipment, and so on. (Money spent this way is called “retained earnings.”) Alternatively, it can use its profits to pay its investors. Calculating the dividend that a shareholder is owed by a company is generally fairly easy; simply multiply the dividend paid per share (or “DPS”) by the number of shares you own. It’s also possible to determine the “dividend yield” (the percentage of your investment that your stock holdings will pay you in dividends) by dividing the DPS by the price per share. Another useful calculation for dividends is the payout ratio, which shows investors how much of the corporation’s net income is distributed back to shareholders in the form of dividends.

Such companies often keep most of their profits as retained earnings and won’t pay out much in the form of dividends until they are more established. Every share of the $20 company will earn you 2/20 or 10% of your initial investment per year, while every share of the $100 company will earn you just 2/100 or 2% of your initial investment. When a company makes money, it usually has two general options.

## What is Dividend Per Share (DPS)?

Some companies will pay dividends every quarter, while others will only issue dividends periodically. Dividends are usually issued by mature companies that have achieved steady growth. Smaller companies that are still growing will usually reinvest profits back into their operations, which can result in higher earnings for corporations and higher share prices for the investor. The payout ratio can be determined using the total common shareholders’ equity figure shown on a company’s balance sheet. Divide this total by the company’s current share price to get the number of outstanding shares.